The International Academic Consortium for Sustainable Cities (IACSC) was established on September 2009 upon the initiative of the Yokohama City University (YCU). It was a result of YCU’s participation as coordinator of the meeting session entitled “Cities and Universities – Towards Collaboration for Sustainable Cities” at the conference of CITYNET held on September 9, 2009 in Yokohama City, Japan .
The IACSC endeavors to develop cooperation, foster dialogues and discussions, encourage sharing of information and resources and promote conduct of research and collaborative activities between and among academic and research institutions. The goal of the consortium is to establish and strengthen the linkage between universities and the cities where they belong towards capacity building for a sustainable society. By focusing on three important components of the community namely urban planning, public health and environment, IACSC will be able to achieve its goal in the future.
Brief History of IACSC
• Aug. 2010: The 1st General Assembly
With reference to the core principles of the Eco2 initiative, the framework of the IACSC charter and the Consortium’s future activities were developed through member discussions.
• Oct. 2010: Memorandum of Understanding between IACSC and the World Bank
Ms. Inger Andersen, Deputy President of the World Bank, and Professor Tsutomu Fuse, President of Yokohama City University, representing IACSC, concluded the MoU at the 1st Eco2 Conference in Yokohama.
• Sep. 2011: The 2nd General Assembly & Symposium
The 2nd IACSC Meeting, “Towards a Sustainable Future: A Collaboration of Higher Education Institution and Local Society”, was hosted by Universiti Sains Malaysiain Penang, Malaysia.
• Sep. 2012: The 3rd General Assembly & Symposium
The 3rd IACSC Meeting, ‘Reimagining Sustainable Cities’, was hosted by Thammasat University, Thailand.
• Sep. 2013: The 4th General Assembly & Symposium
The 4th IACSC Meeting, ‘Transforming Cities into Sustainable and Resilient Communities’, was hosted by University of the Philippines.
• Sep. 2014: The 5th General Assembly & Symposium
The 5th IACSC Meeting, ‘Opportunities and Challenges for Urban Sustainable Development’, was hosted by University of Social Sciences and Humanities- Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam National University.
• Sep. 2015: The 6th General Assembly & Symposium
The 6th IACSC Meeting, ‘Global Partnership and Local Initiatives for Sustainable Cities”, is to be hosted by Yokohama City University, Japan.
• Sep. 2016: The 7th General Assembly & Symposium
The 7th IACSC Meeting, “Prosperous Urban Living”, is to be hosted by Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia
Theme of 2017 IACSC
“Well-being of Sustainable living in aging population era”
According to the UNESCO world population report 2015 under Key trends in population ageing for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, some statistic elements state that
- Between 2015 and 2030, the number of older persons — those aged 60 years or over — in the world is projected to grow by 56 per cent, from 901 million to more than 1.4 billion.
- By 2030, older persons will outnumber children aged 0-9 years (1.4 billion vs. 1.3 billion); by 2050, there will be more people aged 60 or over than adolescents and youth aged 10-24 years (2.1 billion vs. 2.0 billion).
- The number of people at very advanced ages is increasing too: the global population aged 80 years or over is projected to grow from 125 million in 2015 to 202 million in 2030 and to 434 million in 2050.
The United Nations have defined the stages of the phenomenon of population ageing in three levels;
- Aging society – Ratio of people aged 60 years and more to the rest is more than 10%
- Aged Society – Ratio of people aged 60 years and more to the rest is more than 20%
- Super-aged Society – Ratio of people aged 60 years and more to the rest is more than 30%
We and the world obviously are experiencing the increase of aging population all around the world. The World Health Organization developed the world population map projecting in 2025, which is shown simply that most area of the world is affected by older population, including the area of East and Southeast Asia. In 7 years, most countries in Southeast Asia will be moving from the Aging society to Aged society, while Japan will be super-age society.
Why we have more aged population is a good question. There are many factors from different sources. It will also depend on perspective of individuals. However, most common things are related to;
The innovation of Healthcare and medical technology advances. Breakthroughs like germ theory, antibiotics, and widespread vaccination, as well as major public-health advances in sanitation and regulation, can neutralize many long-leading causes of death.
People value more with the social cohesion – the sense of belonging to organizations and communities. This can develop unstressed of individual and increased the bond of self-belonging, so people feel happy about their life and well-being.
Technology is so advanced in many fields that people can live easier and more comfortable. Technology can assist problems to human difficulties, However it also can harmful too, and it is always interesting learn about. Medical breakthrough surely assist the extension of life expectancy. Technology can assist the environment and world resources to stay with us longer.
How can Aging era affect the sustainability?
People live longer also mean we have to use more natural resources. Things have to be shifting and review on how to manage our resources and what we will do with long-life people. Researchers have to think about the physical environment, policy, health, living city, and many more. That is why IACSC need to address the innovation that change the way people live forever, due to the trend of aging society era. Also we can bring those knowledge and innovation to the sustainability of our human living.
Therefore, IACSC proposed the theme papers in 3 major fields